Ballad of Narayama (1958)

  • Kinuyo Tanaka as Orin
  • Teiji Takahashi as Tatsuhei
  • Y√Ľko Mochizuki as Tamayan
  • Keisuke Kinoshita

Rated NR

98 minutes

“The Ballad of Narayama” is a Japanese film of great beauty and elegant artifice, telling a story of startling cruelty. What a space it opens up between its origins in the kabuki style and its subject of starvation in a mountain village! The village enforces a tradition of carrying those who have reached the age of 70 up the side of mountain and abandoning them there to die of exposure.

Keisuke Kinoshita’s 1958 film tells its story with deliberate artifice, using an elaborate set with a path beside a bubbling brook, matte paintings for the backgrounds, mist on dewey evenings, and lighting that drops the backgrounds to black at dramatic moments and then brings up realistic lighting again. Some of its exteriors use black foregrounds and bloody red skies; others use grays and blues. As in kabuki theater, there is a black-clad narrator to tell us what’s happening.

This artifice supports a story that contains great emotional charge. Kinuyo Tanaka plays Orin, a 70-year-old widow whose resignation in the face of her traditional fate is in stark contrast with the behavior of her neighbor Mata (Seiji Miyaguchi), who protests violently against his destiny. Their family attitudes are similarly opposed; while Orin’s son Tatsuhei (Teiji Takahashi) loves his mother and doesn’t have any desire to carry her up the mountainside, Mata’s family has already cut off his food, and he wanders the village as a desperate scavenger; Orin invites him in and offers him a bowl of rice, which be gobbles hungrily.

In contrast with her resignation and her son’s reluctance to carry out her sentence, Orin’s vile grandson Kesakichi (Danshi Ichikawa) can’t wait to be done with the old woman, and begins singing a song mocking the fact that she retains, at 70, all 33 of of her original teeth. This is taken up by the villagers, who materialize as a vindictive chorus, their song implying she kept her teeth because of a deal with demons. Eager to qualify for her doom, Orin bites down hard on a stone and when they see her again her mouth reveals bloody stumps.

This harsh imagery contrasts with the way the film is structured around song and dance. Although presented in the kabuki style, it isn’t based on an actual kabuki play but on a novel. Kinoshita is correct, I believe, in presenting his story in this stylized way; his form allows it to become more fable than narrative, and thus more bearable.

His sets and backdrops reflect he changing seasons with lush beauty: Spring, summer, the red leaves of autumn, then the wintry snows on the slopes of Narayama. On the mountaintop, blackbirds perch on snowy crags as the camera uses lateral moves to sweep across the desolate landscape. Finally depositing his mother in an empty place on the mountain, Tatsuhei greets the snow with relief: She will freeze more quickly. This he can sing only to himself, because the journey up the mountain has three strict rues: (1) you must not talk after starting up Narayama; (2) be sure no one sees you leave in the morning; (3) never look back. His adherence is in contrast with the adventures of the fearful neighbor Mata, who appears soon after bound head and foot, dragged protesting by his son (“Don’t do this!”).

Orin’s goodness and resignation are at the center of the story. In particuar, notice her kind welcome for Tama (Yuko Mochizuki), a 40-year-old widow she has decided will be the ideal new wife for her widower son. Known for her ability to catch trout when no one else can, she leads Tama through the forest on a foggy night and reveals a secret place beneath a rock in the brook where a trout is always to be found. This secret was never revealed to her first daughter-in-law. She even wants to die before her first grandchild arrives. She wants to rid the village from a hungry mouth.

Some will find Orin’s behavior strange. So it is. Perhaps, in the years soon after World War Two, she is intended in praise of the Japanese ability to present acceptance in the face of the appalling. You can attach any set of parallels to Kinoshite’s parable and make them work, but that seems to fit.

Keisuke Kinoshita (1912-1998) is of the same generation as Akira Kurosawa. Saying that ideas sprang quickly into his mind, he moved between periods and genres, and made 42 films in the first 23 years of his career. He was immediately attracted to motion pictures; a film was shot in his home town when he was in high school and he ran away to a studio in Kyoto. His family made him return home, but later dropped its opposition to his career plans. Without a college education, he started humbly as a set photographer, and worked his way up, sending in one screenplay after another to the studio chief.

He made dramas, musicals, thrillers, musicals, anything, but he never made another film like “The Ballad of Narayama.” In its matter-of-fact juxtaposition of fate and art, it leaves an indelible impression. Tatsuhei’s second bride Tama tells him: “When we turn 70, we’ll go together up Narayama.”

“The Ballad of Narayama” is a new DVD release in the Criterion Collection. Thanks to Wikipedia for some of the research in this article.

Author bio: Marie Moody is a freelance writer and blogger at – Resume freelance writer job from home


Best Advice to Take When Going Through a Divorce

There are few events in life that can have the degree of negative impact on the human body than a divorce. Individuals who have gone through a divorce can tell you that you’ll likely experience a range of social, emotional, and physical setbacks as a result of a divorce. However, just because it can be a largely negative experience, doesn’t mean it has to be entirely negative. Follow this advice when going through a divorce.

Emotional Advice

You could breakdown divorce advice into a variety of subtopics. One of the first subtopics you should focus on is the emotional impact of your divorce. Before the process goes too far along, give yourself time to mourn. The end of a marriage marks the destruction of a relationship and a change in the family landscape that is akin to death. Mourn the fact that you’ve lost a person in your spouse that was once the closest person you had on this planet.

If there are children involved in your divorce, never bad mouth your soon-to-be ex in front of the children. Whatever the differences between you and your former spouse, the children see only mom and dad, and always will.

Finally, don’t forget to focus on yourself. Even if there are children involved, you cannot allow yourself to focus only on their needs. Doing so results in your own emotional health suffering. If your emotional health suffers, your children will eventually feel that impact too.

Social Advice

The vast majority of couples will face the tough task of splitting up assets, and this includes social assets. What does this mean? Quite simply, it means your friendships. You’re going to bring your own friends into a relationship, but there will also be those you develop during the marriage. Prepare yourself to lose some mutual friends as a result of the divorce, because it is a fact of life. People will choose sides, and you might not be the one they choose.

That rolls into the next point perfectly: conduct yourself with honor. Whether it’s a conversation with your closest friends or a social media post, conduct yourself with a level of behavior you’d be proud to look back on later.


Repairs: 10 Mistakes that Most People Make

Considerations in Looking for a Good Auto Repair Shop

After an accident, if your car has been damaged, it is important to bring it to an auto repair shop, but do not make the mistake in looking for the cheapest services. Chances are, these repairs will not last. The problem with that is, even if you save at first, you will soon find yourself spending more for follow up repairs on that cheap fix. The best auto repair shop gets it right the first time. But how do you choose the right body repair shop? Below are some tips to consider when looking for a good auto repair shop.

Look for a shop where technicians are I-Car certified. I-Car is formally known as the Inter-Industry Conference on Auto Collision Repair. This organization trains people to specialize in different car repair techniques. This is a nonprofit organization. The programs that they follow will help those who wish to learn auto repair techniques. An I-Car certified technician knows what he is doing. So, go for an I-Car certified technician.

In some areas, there is a government mandate for the use of only water-based paints in auto repair. This is because traditional car paint is made of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and these are chemicals that evaporate quickly into the atmosphere. It has been shown by recent studies that this chemical is harmful to the environment. Today, you can find auto repair shops that use environmentally friendly water-based car paints. Water-based paints also provide better coverage that any other kind of paint. Check if the repair shop uses water-based paints.

The car shop should offer free pickup and delivery. This is best especially after an accident.

If the auto repair shop offers a lifetime warranty, then that is a good shop. A good repairs job when done right the first time, will not need further follow-up repair. But, there are certain situations that need several attempts at fixing a problem and there are complicated jobs that sometimes require a bit of trial and error. These situations are not something new to auto repair shops. That is why you need to look for a body repair shop that gives you a lifetime warranty of its works. Clients should not be paying for work on the same problem over and over again.

If the auto repair shop can deal directly with your insurance company, then the better it is. After an accident, dealing with the insurance company is especially stressful and difficult. For your benefit and convenience, look for a repair shop that can handle the insurance company for you.

Hiring the services of a car repair shop with the given features will be beneficial for you and will offer you a lot of conveniences.

Source: how to auto body restoration

Find An Easier Method To Obtain A Car Or Truck

People who must purchase a new motor vehicle could be anxious about getting car loans in Singapore. They might not have a suitable credit rating to be able to receive a loan or they might want to steer clear of the interest charges that are included with having a loan. No matter their reasons, there are methods to buy a car which do not involve borrowing cash.

A person who wants to purchase a used motor vehicle might take a look at sites that offer a number of used cars from the owner. These types of sites allow somebody to go shopping based upon exactly what they’re searching for or even their price range as well as make it easy for them to sort through all the used automobiles to be able to uncover the one that suits their particular requirements. These types of web sites will most likely examine the automobiles as well as ensure the costs are generally similar to related vehicles so a person won’t have to worry about endeavoring to talk the owner down to a reduce sum. They might be in addition priced low enough they could be obtained with cash instead of the person having to receive a loan.

In case you’re searching for a brand new car or truck as well as you wouldn’t like to get a loan, go ahead and take a look at now. They have a large selection of autos offered sold by the seller so that you can uncover precisely what you are looking for as fast as possible.

Questions About Dentistry You Must Know the Answers To

Choosing a Good Dentist

Picking the right dentist for you and the family is important. You want someone who makes you feel comfortable and is also well-trained trained to give you the dentistry you need. Look for a dentist whose clinic is located close to your home or office. The dentists’ credentials must be available on the Internet.


Qualified dentists may be doctors of dental surgery (DDS) or doctors of dental medicine (DMD). These two are equivalent in that they are both completed within a minimum of two years of preparatory dental college work, followed by four years of dental proper. Dentists need to pass national and state exams prior to being licensed.


Dentists can also be board-certified as specialists in particular focused branches of dentistry. Dentists, to become specialists, have to take up advanced training and schoolwork for two additional years. Some common recognized dental specialties are pedodontics or pediatric dentistry; oral and maxillofacial surgery and pathology; and endodontics or root canal therapy.


A dental hygienist or assistant usually performs routine cleanings. The hygienist may have a designation as an RDH (Registered Dental Hygienist) or RDHEF (Registered Dental Hygienist with Extended Functions). A dental assistant’s tasks could include assisting a dentist during a procedure, taking x-rays, setting up anesthesia and doing other general tasks.

Questions to Ask

When you come and see a new dentist, never hesitate to ask questions, such as:

> How long has the dentist been in practice?

> How much training and experience does the dentist have with the procedure you want?

> Which dental associations is does the dentist belong to?

> Does the dentist offer emergency care?


Though you must not choose a dentist based solely on price, you have to understand the fees before consenting to treatment. If you have insurance, ask the office for help in determining what is covered and what’s not, and what your out-of-pocket expenses will be.

What You Should Expect

Your dentist and the entire office staff must be kind and considerate. They should be concerned about preventive care, advising you for such things as comprehensive dental exams, routine cleanings, x-rays, periodontal exams, etc., all of which are helpful in keeping you from getting pricey repair procedures later on. The dentist should explain his findings and recommend an appropriate plan or treatment as necessary.

A lot of dentists don’t want to schedule cleanings with a new patient comprehensive exam. That’s because x-rays and a thorough exam are needed to tell what type of cleaning is most clinically appropriate for your specific needs. For example, should periodontal disease be detected, the patient may require far more than a regular mouth cleaning.

Source: Seattle Dentistry

Photographers – Getting Started & Next Steps

How To Choose A Good Newborn Photography Service Getting a new born baby is one of the really exciting times which couples can get to have in their marriage life, they need to share their pictures to the world by hiring a new born photographer. A new born photographer is a professional photographer that takes photographs of new born babies to be used as portraits, they mostly know to take great pictures that parents can be really proud to share to their friends. But there are surely a big number of new born photographers in the market nowadays, photography service is a really competitive market and couples need to make sure in finding a great one to hire. There are a large number of things that couples must look for when choosing a new born photography service, they can try to check the portfolio of the new born phorographer. It is that vital for people to know that their new born baby gets to grow up so fast and could not stay small, people must hire a new born photographer that has a vast knowledge on taking photos. When people can get to look at the portfolio of the new born photographer, this can easily assist couples to know how the photographer can take photos of their new born baby. It is important for couples to check first the portfolio of the new born photographer, they can choose to look at their online portfolio on the internet in order for them to look up the photos which the photographer has taken.
What You Should Know About Photos This Year
This can help most couples to take a look at the style of the photographer, they know how the photographer would take the picture of their baby and if it is good. Couples needs to compare the various pictures from a number of new born photographers and try to compare the kind of style that they want in the portrait of their own baby. People must also compare the different prices that these new born photography services would ask from their clients, most of these services have different prices for specific pictures of their new born baby.
The 10 Best Resources For Photographers
Couples must try to make sure that the couples can find a new born photographer that can work with their new born babies, photographers must be really patient in taking photographs of their new born babies. Couples can also try to use the internet to look up on various new born photographers in the market, they can easily find the best ones that have positive reviews from couples that have used their service. Couples can also read reviews about the various new born photography services which are on the market, this is to make sure that they can get the right photos of their baby.

Lessons Learned from Years with Photographers

How to Select a Portrait Photographer Here are a few simple tips to pick a good portrait photographer. You can start by going to a portrait photographer’s website and looking at his portfolio or portrait gallery that he has displayed. A portrait photographer who has not displayed any works in his website should not be considered. Carefully examine the portraits in his portfolio. To be able to get an idea of the photographer’s style and consistency, the photographer should have displayed many images. A good portrait photographer will display different poses and types of images which shows his experience and creativity. Check if the images that the photographer look similar to the pictures you take with your camera. Is so, then he is not a true professional. Images that are taken by a true professional with proper lenses and lighting will look dramatically different than what you can do with your camera. The professional portrait will have the subject stand out and the background blurry. There should be plenty of light in the subject’s eye to avoid raccoon eyes created by overhead sun. Photographing a subject’s face in direct full sunlight is a sign that the photographer is not a pro. The charges of the photographer should also be checked. When you are searching for a good portrait photographer, price is not the most important thing. You can pay a small amount but not be truly satisfied with the resulting images. It is also possible to like a photographer’s style but pay dearly for it. Just remember that you get what you pay for in photography. The charges of photographers is based on their experience and equipment level.
Photographers Tips for The Average Joe
Determine the types of photography the photographer does. Portraiture should be the specialization of the photographers that you will hire. Be wary of photographers who do different types of photography.
Questions About Photos You Must Know the Answers To
The style of the photography is the next thing to check after you have made a list of potential portrait photographers. This is the most important part of selecting a portrait photographer. Style in photography is a very personal thing. You might be able to hire the best portrait photographer in the world who might take your family portraits, but if the style is not pleasing to you, then your purpose is still defeated. The style of some photographers is to just make black and white portraits. Some photographers like to blue large portions of the image using tilt-shift lenses. Images are Photoshopped by some portrait photographers. Instead of focusing on the face, some portrait photographers focus instead on a shoe or a ribbon, or anything on the person. Formal portraits with formal backgrounds are the style of some photographers, while others want an outdoor background. These styles can be found being used by different portrait photographers. Find a photographers whose style you will be happy with.

Learning The Secrets About Companies

How to Find Property Management Services

If you want a worthwhile form of investment, property investment is one of the best. You can invest in so many different types of property, from a beautiful home at a coast, to a condominium in a bustling city, or an apartment in an industrial city. If your property, whatever kind it is, will fall into the hands of a careless tenant, it is advisable for you to manage your property properly or else its condition will worsen. It is a wise decision to get a property management services if you do not have the time or effort to manage your property.

These services offer considerable benefits related in managing your property thus taking away your worries related to management. You won’t be tied up to matters related to your property and you are assured that your property will be in its best condition.

Finding the right tenant for your property will be the job of the property manager. They can offer assistance and ideas to get the most out of your investment. The maintenance, payment of taxes and other aspects of your property will be attended to by these managers. Having multiple properties and gaining your money’s worth would be achieved and ensured using the service of a manager.

The services of a manager would be helpful if you do not live near your property. Your property’s condition and tenancy need to be properly managed especially if your property is in another country or state. If you are a busy professional who do not have the time to spend in managing your various properties, the help of management services will be extremely useful. In such a situation, you can give all responsibilities to the manager like issues in employee payroll, checking their activities and so on.

Property managers are qualified people with considerable experience in the field of management. Handling problems with tenants and knowledge about the laws that govern property management, are some of the qualifications of managers. It is advisable to check out only well-established and reputable management services in your city to gain best results in hiring them.

There is a notion that property management service charges high fees and thus lower your gains. The reality is that property management services charge you about no higher than 10% of the rent and this is worthwhile considering they will take care of everything in managing your property.

People management, maintaining professional relationships with your tenants, and repair issues of your property, are just a few overwhelming issues that will not worry you if you have a management service.
Property management is a service that you can get from a company that will help you maintain all the properties that you have either a residential, commercial, and rental properties. The troubles in maintain the property condition of your properties will be absorbed and taken care of by the property management service.

This property management service is very familiar with the things that should be done in maintaining the perfect condition of your property thus saving you a lot of time and money.

Source: updated blog post

Role of Cell phones in our daily life

Mobile phone has made our day to day life very close to our loved ones. Before we only had the facility of landline phones. Now you can reach out to your sweet one at a go. You can ring them and message them where they are. It was impossible almost 2 decades ago. This has been one of the major development technology has made. The expert and technicians are carrying out more and more research. Now a days if you have phone some of the apps and very common and must be found in every other persons phone. There are also best mobile phone case brands are available in the market.

Why Parties Aren’t As Bad As You Think

Great Benefits of Paint with a Twist Classes Painting is one of the most noble hobbies and to many it is a means by which they earn the respect of their peers as they make a living out of it, which explains the reason why most people will be looking for the slightest opportunity to be able to learn how to paint either from someone they know or others seek for painting lessons at schools dedicated for this art. It is quite important to note that most people who paint or are learning how to paint will do so at some space in their homes, which could honestly proof to be one of the most boring activities someone could do owing to the fact that the person is alone without the correct painting support system and this could lead to someone abandoning their work altogether. On a brighter note, it is fascinating to note that for most enthusiastic painters, we have some very innovative painting schools that are dedicated to demystifying the belief that painting is a lonely and boring endeavor, whereby they bring together a team of painters who have the same interests in one room where they engage in constructive talks regarding their painting work. In addition to the benefit of enrolling with a great paint with a twist school, there is even a much more interesting approach to painting with a twist, which is basically ensuring that there is some level of relaxation for a painter as opposed to painting alone at home, these amazing painting with a twist schools will also allow their clients to carry and enjoy some wine as they go on with their painting job creating a very conducive atmosphere for perfect work. It is worth noting that the person who has a strong calling to be a painter but does not have a clue about where to start should not suffer any more, this is because all they have to do is contact the best painting with a twist school where they will be allocated the best local painter who will give absolute guidance on how painting should be done. Unfortunately, most of the times that person who possesses a great talent to paint will have the conviction that they are not creative enough to get great works accomplished, whereas this is just but a mental hindrance that will definitely be gotten rid of by the most experienced and dedicated teachers of the best paint with a twist schools.
What Research About Services Can Teach You
Nobody should drown their painting talent just because they do not have the courage or know how to get started, this is because they can get maximum support and guidance from the best paint with a twist schools, where they grow step by step to become one of the most respected painters of their times.Getting Creative With Parties Advice

Getting Down To Basics with Stores

Benefits Of Getting Music From Online Music Stores Music can stimulate your whole body, it can make you laugh or cry. Every music has a different effect on everybody, it can relax you or it can make you groove. If you are alone, music can be your companion and it can be your main source of entertainment. With music, we can always associate ourselves. Every continent and every country have its own various form of music. You can expect that when you go to a country, you can hear a wide form of music. Regardless of what form it has, music has a role in everything. Music has still remained despite the fast-changing world of technology. The vast changes though has created different tunes and thus developing into the modern music that we hear today. The birth of online music stores made it easier for music lovers to access any form of music that they want. It’s near to impossible, that’s what everybody thinks. It is easy to sell products and services and no one believe that music can be sold. The different musical forms have been made accessible due to the creation of these online music stores. Earlier, when people hear a Music, they will only be aware of the tune and how it goes. But because of the advancement, this online stores now serves as a library for different songs and even videos.
News For This Month: Sales
Whenever you want to listen to any song, may it be modern or the old classic, you just have to go to a music website so you can download and listen to that particular music. Downloading songs though have charges when you grab some songs. These sites offer a wide array of songs from pop, jazz, hip-hop, classics and all the songs that you can think of.
Finding Similarities Between Stores and Life
Because of these online music stores, music aficionados are very happy. These websites not only lets you listen to music, you can also buy CD’s, DVD’s and other recording materials from your favorite artist. Musical accessories are also available through these online music stores. Guitar, sitar and other musical instruments are also available through these online music stores. To always keep you updated with the latest songs from your favorite artist, these online music stores offer monthly subscriptions. It has been observed that the accessibility of millions of people around the world through the use of technology has made the online music flourished at a very fast rate. With just one click, you as a music lover has access 24/7 to all you favorite songs, albums and even musical instruments because of these online music stores. If you want something, you don’t have to go far, everything is available in the web ad it’s easier and simpler.