Ballad of Narayama (1958)

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Cast
  • Kinuyo Tanaka as Orin
  • Teiji Takahashi as Tatsuhei
  • Yûko Mochizuki as Tamayan
Director
  • Keisuke Kinoshita

Rated NR

98 minutes

“The Ballad of Narayama” is a Japanese film of great beauty and elegant artifice, telling a story of startling cruelty. What a space it opens up between its origins in the kabuki style and its subject of starvation in a mountain village! The village enforces a tradition of carrying those who have reached the age of 70 up the side of mountain and abandoning them there to die of exposure.

Keisuke Kinoshita’s 1958 film tells its story with deliberate artifice, using an elaborate set with a path beside a bubbling brook, matte paintings for the backgrounds, mist on dewey evenings, and lighting that drops the backgrounds to black at dramatic moments and then brings up realistic lighting again. Some of its exteriors use black foregrounds and bloody red skies; others use grays and blues. As in kabuki theater, there is a black-clad narrator to tell us what’s happening.

This artifice supports a story that contains great emotional charge. Kinuyo Tanaka plays Orin, a 70-year-old widow whose resignation in the face of her traditional fate is in stark contrast with the behavior of her neighbor Mata (Seiji Miyaguchi), who protests violently against his destiny. Their family attitudes are similarly opposed; while Orin’s son Tatsuhei (Teiji Takahashi) loves his mother and doesn’t have any desire to carry her up the mountainside, Mata’s family has already cut off his food, and he wanders the village as a desperate scavenger; Orin invites him in and offers him a bowl of rice, which be gobbles hungrily.

In contrast with her resignation and her son’s reluctance to carry out her sentence, Orin’s vile grandson Kesakichi (Danshi Ichikawa) can’t wait to be done with the old woman, and begins singing a song mocking the fact that she retains, at 70, all 33 of of her original teeth. This is taken up by the villagers, who materialize as a vindictive chorus, their song implying she kept her teeth because of a deal with demons. Eager to qualify for her doom, Orin bites down hard on a stone and when they see her again her mouth reveals bloody stumps.

This harsh imagery contrasts with the way the film is structured around song and dance. Although presented in the kabuki style, it isn’t based on an actual kabuki play but on a novel. Kinoshita is correct, I believe, in presenting his story in this stylized way; his form allows it to become more fable than narrative, and thus more bearable.

His sets and backdrops reflect he changing seasons with lush beauty: Spring, summer, the red leaves of autumn, then the wintry snows on the slopes of Narayama. On the mountaintop, blackbirds perch on snowy crags as the camera uses lateral moves to sweep across the desolate landscape. Finally depositing his mother in an empty place on the mountain, Tatsuhei greets the snow with relief: She will freeze more quickly. This he can sing only to himself, because the journey up the mountain has three strict rues: (1) you must not talk after starting up Narayama; (2) be sure no one sees you leave in the morning; (3) never look back. His adherence is in contrast with the adventures of the fearful neighbor Mata, who appears soon after bound head and foot, dragged protesting by his son (“Don’t do this!”).

Orin’s goodness and resignation are at the center of the story. In particuar, notice her kind welcome for Tama (Yuko Mochizuki), a 40-year-old widow she has decided will be the ideal new wife for her widower son. Known for her ability to catch trout when no one else can, she leads Tama through the forest on a foggy night and reveals a secret place beneath a rock in the brook where a trout is always to be found. This secret was never revealed to her first daughter-in-law. She even wants to die before her first grandchild arrives. She wants to rid the village from a hungry mouth.

Some will find Orin’s behavior strange. So it is. Perhaps, in the years soon after World War Two, she is intended in praise of the Japanese ability to present acceptance in the face of the appalling. You can attach any set of parallels to Kinoshite’s parable and make them work, but that seems to fit.

Keisuke Kinoshita (1912-1998) is of the same generation as Akira Kurosawa. Saying that ideas sprang quickly into his mind, he moved between periods and genres, and made 42 films in the first 23 years of his career. He was immediately attracted to motion pictures; a film was shot in his home town when he was in high school and he ran away to a studio in Kyoto. His family made him return home, but later dropped its opposition to his career plans. Without a college education, he started humbly as a set photographer, and worked his way up, sending in one screenplay after another to the studio chief.

He made dramas, musicals, thrillers, musicals, anything, but he never made another film like “The Ballad of Narayama.” In its matter-of-fact juxtaposition of fate and art, it leaves an indelible impression. Tatsuhei’s second bride Tama tells him: “When we turn 70, we’ll go together up Narayama.”

“The Ballad of Narayama” is a new DVD release in the Criterion Collection. Thanks to Wikipedia for some of the research in this article.

Author bio: Marie Moody is a freelance writer and blogger at Writerjob.org – Resume freelance writer job from home

 

What is wrong with the Ford 6.0 Powerstroke Diesel? How do you fix it?

I would say 80% of the questions I get every week are from 6.0 Powerstroke owners or potential owners asking about the reliability of these engines.  There are so many horror stories out there about them along with a pile of misinformation from an aftermarket industry constantly coming up with the next big fix to cash in on those worries.  In this article we will try to explain these issues and give you some insight on the 6.0 Powerstroke engine.
 
First things first, in this article we are going to assume that you are using this truck for regular activities that a person would buy a diesel truck for.  Hauling, towing, work, or just commuting.  Understand that the information and recommendations below may be different if you are a drag racer, sled pulling king, or dyno competition killer.  The average truck owner does a turbo back exhaust, a cold air intake, and usually some sort of programmer.  We are talking about stock or slightly modified vehicles.  While most of this information still applies, some things you would do differently if you are going for ultra high horsepower.  This information is for the 95% of us 6.0 owners that just use our trucks for trucks.
 
The big question is: Are the 6.0 Powerstrokes really that bad?  To be honest, the answer is absolutely not.  They are a great running motor that can be made to be durable if maintained properly.  Most of the horror stories you hear are coming from owners who do not maintain their vehicle properly and/or those who are unfortunate enough to have someone who doesn’t know what they are doing repairing it.  We have had so many of these trucks hauled to our shop after having an amazing list of expensive parts thrown at it trying to get it to run right.  So if you are going to own one of these trucks, you need to find a really good shop who understands them or arm yourself with the knowledge and tools to do the work yourself. 
 
On the top of your list if you are going to own one of these trucks should be maintenance.  I cannot stress how important it is.  Please make sure you use a 15W40 quality diesel oil and change the oil and filter religiously at 5,000 miles.  The engine uses the oil in several ways.  Turbo position is control by oil, injector pressure is controlled by oil, and of course engine lubrication.  The oil is asked to work really hard and will wear out quick.  Proper oil changes will benefit you more than you can imagine.  Synthetic oil is fine to use and does help tremendously when cold starting the truck.  But it still needs changed regularly.  Fuel filters should be changed every 10,000 miles period.  Low fuel pressure is a major killer of injectors.  Do yourself a favor and change both fuel filters every other oil change.
 
The first thing people hear about a 6.0 Powerstroke is head gaskets, head gaskets, head gaskets.  Are the head gaskets a real issue on these trucks?  Sorta.  The early years had a different design for the head bolts which led to heads lifting and causing problems.  The 6.0 only has four bolts holding down each cylinder and two of them are shared with the next cylinder.  It just isn’t as robust of a design as the 7.3 before them.  The first couple years the 6.0 was out is where the bad name for the head gaskets really started.  Like I stated they had some problem head bolts, but also the aftermarket had not exactly figured out the tuning on these trucks yet.  It was not uncommon for someone to put a programmer in and immediately see head gasket failure on the hotter tunes.  Every one blamed the weak bolts and bad head design, but in the end we came to find out tuners were running too much timing.  This created too much cylinder pressure which caused the heads to lift immediately.  Of course any owner still under warranty took their brand new truck back to the dealer for service after removing the programmer.  And the dealer who just got a $7,000 job dropped in their lap that had a guaranteed paycheck from Ford was all too eager to do the job.  And so the stories get started about how bad these engines are and how bad the head gaskets are.  I am a firm believer that there are many head gaskets that get changed that have absolutely nothing wrong with them.  Of course as many know the solution to keep the heads clamped to the block is new gaskets and ARP head studs.  Most owners who are confronted with a possible head gasket issue usually just bite the bullet and install new gaskets and head studs to be done with the problem once and for all.  If you are buying or own one of these trucks, my advice would be to keep it in the back of your mind that you may be putting head gaskets in it sooner or later.  But do not just resign to the fact that the head gaskets are bad every time you take it into the shop.  We have seen bad head gaskets be diagnosed when the real problem was a bad degas bottle cap, plugged heater core, unrelated coolant leak, plugged oil cooler, or our next topic: the infamous egr cooler.  More so, there is absolutely no reason to replace the head gaskets unless you have a leaking one.  We see many trucks go a couple of hundred thousand miles easy with the stock head gaskets without a failure.  If you are in the engine for some other reason already and it makes sense to do studs and gaskets I would, but I wouldn’t make a special job of it unless you are building a high horsepower truck or know for certain you have a blown gasket.  Also there is nothing wrong with using the Black Diamond/Victor gaskets.  They are identical to the OEM Ford gaskets.  There were some “Black Oynx” gaskets on the market for a while that may have had some issues but they have been discontinued.  The surface of these gaskets was completely black all over instead of just around the opening like the new Black Diamond 6.0 head gaskets.  Also, if you are doing a head gasket job it is extremely crucial to have the heads surfaced or they probably will not seal back up.
 
The next thing you may have read or heard about is the egr cooler and/or valve.  This system is just a nightmare on these trucks.   For emission purposes the engineers designed a system to reintroduce exhaust gases into the intake manifold to be reburnt. Exhaust Gas Recirculation.  While I suppose it must have met whatever standard for emissions that they had to meet, it is a nightmare for anyone who owns these trucks.  At the very least sooner or later your egr valve will either become completely clogged up with soot and quit working or just plain fail.  Which leads to terrible running that commonly gets misdiagnosed as bad injectors, faulty FICMs, bad turbos, or a host of other shade tree guesses.  How the egr system works is as follows.  The hot exhaust gas is let into the egr cooler from a pipe between the exhaust manifold and the turbo.  This exhaust has a temperature anywhere between 400-1400 degrees.  In order to cool the gas before introducing it into the intake, they have coolant running through the egr cooler to exchange the heat.  On the other end of the egr cooler is the egr valve.  This valve opens to let exhaust gas into the intake manifold when the pcm decides conditions are proper to do so.  The major problems with this system are two fold.  First, dirty, sooty exhaust gas is being blasted into your intake tract.  The soot covers everything in it’s path.  It is not unusual for us to tear down a motor that has had it’s egr system intact it’s whole life and find the intake ports into the head to be coked up to half their diameter.  The intake manifold becomes restricted from this coking as well.  But that is not the worst problem.  The extreme heat acts on the cooler and breaks it down.  Sooner or later it will rupture either letting coolant into the exhaust or intake. (lot’s of misdiagnosed head gaskets here since fluid can run into the cylinder once you shut the engine off and hyrdolock it up) Really bad leaks let exhaust pressure into the coolant system. Which if not taken care of quickly can and will result in blown head gaskets.  But wait there’s more.  The extreme heat that the coolant is trying to scrub away in a normal functioning egr system breaks down the coolant.  Some of the components of the coolant start turning into a goo like substance that does a really nice job of clogging up all sorts of coolant related parts.  If you have been doing any research about these engines you have no doubt heard about replacing the oil cooler.  These need replaced because this goo will clog them up.  Oil temps will then be elevated causing quick overheating when the engine is worked.  Also, the coolant leaves the oil cooler and continues to the egr cooler next.  If the oil cooler is restricted, your egr cooler will not get enough coolant flow to keep it cool.  Next thing you know, blown egr cooler.  Then of course a shop diagnoses the bad egr cooler, replaces it, and the customer comes back in a month with another blown egr cooler.  It is not unusual for us to get trucks that have had six or seven egr coolers replaced in their lifetime and never an oil cooler.  This is the kind of stuff that gives these engines a bad name and it stems from the people working on them misdiagnosing them and not doing complete repairs.  My advice to you would be to delete the egr cooler out as soon as possible and replace the oil cooler if you have more than 50,000 miles on the truck when you do it.  At the very least, if you have to have the egr system functioning, replace the cooler with a upgraded one that has a very robust center section that will not rupture.  Adding a coolant filter to every engine is also a great way to combat coolant contamination and is a must.
 
The next area that comes up all the time is injectors.  Another horror story area.  I have heard reports of customers having three or four complete sets of injectors changed and still not fixing the problem.  Do you think it might not be the injectors?  This is an area where only competent mechanics with proper diagnostic equipment can do a good job.  Any moron can suggest to swap out a whole set of injectors to “see if it fixes it.”  Run away from that guy.  There is equipment available to pin point nearly any injector issue.  A good diesel shop should have this equipment.  Replacing a whole set of injectors because you are not smart enough or well equipped enough to find the bad one is ludicrous.  There are two basic problems that happen with these injectors.  The first is normal mechanical failure.  The mechanical parts in the injector just wear out or break and cause a dead miss.  Most mechanics can figure this out with basic scan tools.  Just replace the bad injector in this case, there is no need to replace the whole set anymore than there is reason to replace all your teeth if you get one cavity.  The other injector problem is from what is called stiction.  The injectors on the 6.0 have two spool valves on top of the injector.  One opens the injector to let high pressure oil in to fire the injector and the other closes it.  After time and use, these spool valves will start to weaken.  Especially when the engine and oil is cold, weak spool valves cannot pull the valve open and closed fast enough to operate without severe missing.  This is what causes the common complaint of terrible starts and cold running until operating temperature comes up to normal.  When the oil and engine temp reaches normal the truck will run like normal with no performance problems.  Combating this issue is tough.  Regular oil changes with good oil helps.  Maintaining a good electrical system also helps.  But unfortunately stiction usually happens sometime in the life of any injector.  We have equipment that can pinpoint which injector is sticking.  In most cases one or two injectors are the culprit and just replacing those two injectors will solve all the cold start issues.  Again, good diagnostics are going to be needed here to figure out whether you have bad injectors, bad batteries, bad glow plugs, a bad ficm or something else that is causing your hard cold starts.  Be leery of the mechanic who immediately prescribes a complete set of injectors as the fix all.  Also if you are having rough running at start up but the problem goes away when the coolant temp gets to normal, you may want to try a couple of bottles of Rev X with your next oil change.  We have had great luck curing many trucks with these cold start symptoms with this additive.
 
As long as we are on injectors, one more thing.  When you are replacing them, there is absolutely no reason to replace the whole set or side if you have one bad one.  A competent experienced mechanic should be able to replace an injector (WITH THE CAB ON) in two to three hours, period.  That small amount of labor is not worth spending the extra money on the other three injectors for that side if they are still functioning properly unless you have a pile of miles on the engine.  When buying replacement injectors, make sure you are using a quality injector.  Alliant, Pure Power, and Dtech all make good injectors.  They each have their own benefits that we will discuss in another article.  As I write this we are selling these injectors starting at $225 each.  Most “rebuilt” ones you see floating around on the internet are $140-$200.  These are usually not quality units.  The spool valves are not being changed or tested.  It is not unusual to have stiction problems very quickly have installing them because the spool valves have who knows how many miles on them.  Buy a quality injector the first time no matter what great deal your mechanic claims he has on these rebuilt ones.  We went through a pile of them in the past.  They are not worth your time or money in the end.   
 
Along with injector problems are Fuel Injection Control Module (FICM) problems.  This is the silver box that is mounted on the driver’s side valve cover of your engine.  It’s job is to convert regular 12 volt vehicle power to the 48 volts the injectors need to fire.  It also has programming that controls injection timing to some extent.  If this module breaks down internally, it will not provide for proper injector operation.  A faulty FICM can cause hard starts, missing, poor performance, poor fuel mileage, and a few other problems.  A good scan tool can check the FICM for proper operation.  It should put out 47+ volts under all operating conditions.  While a FICM can and will eventually just wear out, a quick killer of these units is low battery voltage or charging system problems.  We see trucks on a regular basis that come in that have one or two bad batteries.  The owner usually has trouble getting the truck started for a week or so and brings it in.  Bad batteries will ruin a FICM quickly.  If you have one battery go bad, just replace both of them.   Spend $100 on a battery and save $800 on a FICM you won’t have to replace.  Btw, if you do need a FICM, you do not have to get one from the dealer exclusively.  We can program a new blank FICM in house and many other shops can too.  If your shop can’t, we can send you a new FICM that is preprogrammed and ready to install in your truck.  You don’t have to pay the ransom the dealership wants for these units with labor and “programming” heaped on top of the price.  Btw, if you suddenly get a cylinder contribution code from all eight injectors, you need a new FICM.  Don’t let your mechanic change all eight injectors.  Also we have had some good luck using 58 volt fuel injector control modules lately.  They seem to aid in cold starts.
 
And lastly, no 6.0 problem article would be complete without touching on turbos.  I cannot stress enough how often the turbo gets blamed for poor performance when there is absolutely nothing wrong with it.  Here are just a few misdiagnosed bad turbos from the last week.  One guy heard a pop and lost all boost pressure.  No smoke, no oil leaking anywhere, but lost all his power.  “The turbo isn’t working.  My mechanic says I need a new turbo.”  After talking with the guy for a few minutes I found out an intercooler boot had come off.   I advised him to fix it first and he was on his way.  The second one was a customer who had the turbo replaced not once but twice and now the second one was bad after two weeks.  Come to find out his exhaust backpressure tube was completely plugged.  Since the pcm uses exhaust backpressure to command the turbo to open and close down the exhaust side and wasn’t getting good feedback, the turbo performance was erratic.  No turbo needed there either.  We had a guy with a blown intercooler that had been misdiagnosed.  There was another with a sticking egr valve that was calling for a new turbo.  All those people were going to buy or did buy a turbo when they absolutely did not need one.  Turbos are another item on 6.0 Powerstrokes that I hear, “Those engines are junk.  I had to put six turbos on it since I have owned it.”  No you didn’t.  You paid your mechanic to put six turbos on it and the sixth time he actually noticed what else was wrong in the first place.
 
Here is how to see if you turbo is bad:  Take the inlet from the air cleaner off the turbo.  You will be able to see the compressor wheel.  Grab the end of the shaft with your fingers.   Does it spin freely without coming to a sudden abrupt stop?  If it spins good, it’s good.  When you have a hold of the shaft, try and move it side to side and then in and out.  Some minor play is acceptable.  It’s hard to describe exactly how much play is ok to someone who hasn’t worked with many turbos.  The best I can do is this: If it feels like it is moving back and forth against a uniform bearing, it is probably ok.  If you are picking the shaft up from the bottom and it falls back down when you let go, the bearings are probably out of it or worse.  The other test for the turbo needs to be done with a scan tool.  With a scan tool you actuate the valve that moves the variable veins in the exhaust side of the turbo.  You should hear the exhaust tone change and see a fluctuation in back pressure.  If nothing happens, either the actuator is bad or it is possible the variable veins in the exhaust side of the turbo are coked up and need cleaning.  This can be done by removing the turbo.  Disassemble the exhaust housing and clean the rust and soot out of there.  
 
If you are having a problem that is diagnosed as a bad turbo check the shaft play and turbo actuation first.  If both of those are ok, you do not need a turbo.  Only good diagnostics will find the real problem.  A turbo isn’t a mystical device.  It is much more like a wind mill.  If it is not spinning and not broke, there may be no wind.  If it is spinning but not producing any power, it may not be connected on the output side. 
 
I realize this has gotten pretty long and there are still a few other things to touch on.  But this should give you a heads up on the most common problems these trucks have.  I personally have four of them.  One I drive every day and the other my wife does.  They both are reliable, get good mileage, and have great power.   The Ford Powerstroke 6.0 is not a bad engine at all.  Much of the “junk” or “problem” label that has been given to them is from poor maintenance, worse diagnostics, and just plain unscrupulous shops who change and charge for many parts the customer doesn’t need.  Worse yet is the whole aftermarket niche that has sprung up with the next great fix for these motors.  With proper maintenance, diagnostics, and competent repairs, these engines are as good or better than any of the other diesel pickup motors out there.

Thanks for reading,
John Anderson
www.littlepowershop.com

What You Should Know About Specialty Trailers

Having an auto trailer is a great way to help you haul things without doing more than one load or ruining the inside of your car or truck. There are many different kinds of auto trailers, each one with unique features tailored to whatever type of cargo you are hauling. While trailers come in different shapes, sizes, and functions, there are some trailers that are unique and are made with a specific purpose and task in mind. These specialty trailers are up to the task, can be found on places like Worth Trailer, and should be browsed if you do a lot of auto hauling and are looking for a better way to do what you are already doing.

Tilt Trailers

The general most unique features of trailers are the way they look. General hauler trailers look drastically different from dump trailers and gooseneck or utility trailers. Some great unique trailers in general are tilt trailers, which are made so you can get to whatever it is that you are loading easier. Tilts are made to tilt at certain angles, and some do this mechanically while others do it hydraulically. Tilts are great, but highly specialized utility trailers that can be more expensive than other trailers due to the unique tilting function.

Motorcycle Trailers

But not all unique trailers have to be big and mechanical. Another unique trailer is the kind that is carried behind a motorcycle—small, cute, and able to carry up to 800 pounds capacity. While some motorcyclists may try to haul a small car trailer behind them, the specialized motorcycle trailers are made for that purpose, and can haul quite a bit in a small package.

Dump Trailers

Back to large trailers, dump trailers can be pretty unique as well, depending upon the way that they dump things. Dump trailers are like tilt trailers, except even larger and have a bigger carrying capacity, as well as being able to tilt much higher and at a sharper angle than the average tilt trailer. The hydraulic lift system seem on some dump trailers is pretty unique, and several tilt trailer companies also make dump trailers due to the similarities in the mechanics. Dump trailers are also neat in that there is no set size for them—they can be huge with four large wheels and almost a truck’s length full of space, or as small and thin with a lower angle of dumping.

Cattle Trailers

Cattle trailers are also pretty unique, as they are made for one purpose and made to not jostle the trailer so much, due to the nature of the cargo. They are generally open-topped, but have high walls, and more wheels than commonly seen on most trailers due to making the trailer run a bit smoother during the ride. Some cattle trailers are thinner and others are larger, depending upon the model and the intended amount of cattle needed. The great thing about these is that they don’t have to haul cattle only, you can haul other types of livestock, or even reuse the trailer to haul general cargo.

About the author:

As the operations office manager for a web marketing agency, D. Holdeman functions as a posting guest to support the business world in the USA. He is based out of CA, and is drinking in these days alongside his wonderful better half and their three tykes. Mr. H-man asks visitors to glance at his Google Plus set up whenever they want.

Best Advice to Take When Going Through a Divorce

There are few events in life that can have the degree of negative impact on the human body than a divorce. Individuals who have gone through a divorce can tell you that you’ll likely experience a range of social, emotional, and physical setbacks as a result of a divorce. However, just because it can be a largely negative experience, doesn’t mean it has to be entirely negative. Follow this advice when going through a divorce.

Emotional Advice

You could breakdown divorce advice into a variety of subtopics. One of the first subtopics you should focus on is the emotional impact of your divorce. Before the process goes too far along, give yourself time to mourn. The end of a marriage marks the destruction of a relationship and a change in the family landscape that is akin to death. Mourn the fact that you’ve lost a person in your spouse that was once the closest person you had on this planet.

If there are children involved in your divorce, never bad mouth your soon-to-be ex in front of the children. Whatever the differences between you and your former spouse, the children see only mom and dad, and always will.

Finally, don’t forget to focus on yourself. Even if there are children involved, you cannot allow yourself to focus only on their needs. Doing so results in your own emotional health suffering. If your emotional health suffers, your children will eventually feel that impact too.

Social Advice

The vast majority of couples will face the tough task of splitting up assets, and this includes social assets. What does this mean? Quite simply, it means your friendships. You’re going to bring your own friends into a relationship, but there will also be those you develop during the marriage. Prepare yourself to lose some mutual friends as a result of the divorce, because it is a fact of life. People will choose sides, and you might not be the one they choose.

That rolls into the next point perfectly: conduct yourself with honor. Whether it’s a conversation with your closest friends or a social media post, conduct yourself with a level of behavior you’d be proud to look back on later.

 

Repairs: 10 Mistakes that Most People Make

Considerations in Looking for a Good Auto Repair Shop

After an accident, if your car has been damaged, it is important to bring it to an auto repair shop, but do not make the mistake in looking for the cheapest services. Chances are, these repairs will not last. The problem with that is, even if you save at first, you will soon find yourself spending more for follow up repairs on that cheap fix. The best auto repair shop gets it right the first time. But how do you choose the right body repair shop? Below are some tips to consider when looking for a good auto repair shop.

Look for a shop where technicians are I-Car certified. I-Car is formally known as the Inter-Industry Conference on Auto Collision Repair. This organization trains people to specialize in different car repair techniques. This is a nonprofit organization. The programs that they follow will help those who wish to learn auto repair techniques. An I-Car certified technician knows what he is doing. So, go for an I-Car certified technician.

In some areas, there is a government mandate for the use of only water-based paints in auto repair. This is because traditional car paint is made of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and these are chemicals that evaporate quickly into the atmosphere. It has been shown by recent studies that this chemical is harmful to the environment. Today, you can find auto repair shops that use environmentally friendly water-based car paints. Water-based paints also provide better coverage that any other kind of paint. Check if the repair shop uses water-based paints.

The car shop should offer free pickup and delivery. This is best especially after an accident.

If the auto repair shop offers a lifetime warranty, then that is a good shop. A good repairs job when done right the first time, will not need further follow-up repair. But, there are certain situations that need several attempts at fixing a problem and there are complicated jobs that sometimes require a bit of trial and error. These situations are not something new to auto repair shops. That is why you need to look for a body repair shop that gives you a lifetime warranty of its works. Clients should not be paying for work on the same problem over and over again.

If the auto repair shop can deal directly with your insurance company, then the better it is. After an accident, dealing with the insurance company is especially stressful and difficult. For your benefit and convenience, look for a repair shop that can handle the insurance company for you.

Hiring the services of a car repair shop with the given features will be beneficial for you and will offer you a lot of conveniences.

Source: how to auto body restoration

Find An Easier Method To Obtain A Car Or Truck

People who must purchase a new motor vehicle could be anxious about getting car loans in Singapore. They might not have a suitable credit rating to be able to receive a loan or they might want to steer clear of the interest charges that are included with having a loan. No matter their reasons, there are methods to buy a car which do not involve borrowing cash.

A person who wants to purchase a used motor vehicle might take a look at sites that offer a number of used cars from the owner. These types of sites allow somebody to go shopping based upon exactly what they’re searching for or even their price range as well as make it easy for them to sort through all the used automobiles to be able to uncover the one that suits their particular requirements. These types of web sites will most likely examine the automobiles as well as ensure the costs are generally similar to related vehicles so a person won’t have to worry about endeavoring to talk the owner down to a reduce sum. They might be in addition priced low enough they could be obtained with cash instead of the person having to receive a loan.

In case you’re searching for a brand new car or truck as well as you wouldn’t like to get a loan, go ahead and take a look at carro.sg now. They have a large selection of autos offered sold by the seller so that you can uncover precisely what you are looking for as fast as possible.

Questions About Dentistry You Must Know the Answers To

Choosing a Good Dentist

Picking the right dentist for you and the family is important. You want someone who makes you feel comfortable and is also well-trained trained to give you the dentistry you need. Look for a dentist whose clinic is located close to your home or office. The dentists’ credentials must be available on the Internet.

Qualifications

Qualified dentists may be doctors of dental surgery (DDS) or doctors of dental medicine (DMD). These two are equivalent in that they are both completed within a minimum of two years of preparatory dental college work, followed by four years of dental proper. Dentists need to pass national and state exams prior to being licensed.

Specialties

Dentists can also be board-certified as specialists in particular focused branches of dentistry. Dentists, to become specialists, have to take up advanced training and schoolwork for two additional years. Some common recognized dental specialties are pedodontics or pediatric dentistry; oral and maxillofacial surgery and pathology; and endodontics or root canal therapy.

Hygienists

A dental hygienist or assistant usually performs routine cleanings. The hygienist may have a designation as an RDH (Registered Dental Hygienist) or RDHEF (Registered Dental Hygienist with Extended Functions). A dental assistant’s tasks could include assisting a dentist during a procedure, taking x-rays, setting up anesthesia and doing other general tasks.

Questions to Ask

When you come and see a new dentist, never hesitate to ask questions, such as:

> How long has the dentist been in practice?

> How much training and experience does the dentist have with the procedure you want?

> Which dental associations is does the dentist belong to?

> Does the dentist offer emergency care?

Fees

Though you must not choose a dentist based solely on price, you have to understand the fees before consenting to treatment. If you have insurance, ask the office for help in determining what is covered and what’s not, and what your out-of-pocket expenses will be.

What You Should Expect

Your dentist and the entire office staff must be kind and considerate. They should be concerned about preventive care, advising you for such things as comprehensive dental exams, routine cleanings, x-rays, periodontal exams, etc., all of which are helpful in keeping you from getting pricey repair procedures later on. The dentist should explain his findings and recommend an appropriate plan or treatment as necessary.

A lot of dentists don’t want to schedule cleanings with a new patient comprehensive exam. That’s because x-rays and a thorough exam are needed to tell what type of cleaning is most clinically appropriate for your specific needs. For example, should periodontal disease be detected, the patient may require far more than a regular mouth cleaning.

Source: Seattle Dentistry

Photographers – Getting Started & Next Steps

How To Choose A Good Newborn Photography Service Getting a new born baby is one of the really exciting times which couples can get to have in their marriage life, they need to share their pictures to the world by hiring a new born photographer. A new born photographer is a professional photographer that takes photographs of new born babies to be used as portraits, they mostly know to take great pictures that parents can be really proud to share to their friends. But there are surely a big number of new born photographers in the market nowadays, photography service is a really competitive market and couples need to make sure in finding a great one to hire. There are a large number of things that couples must look for when choosing a new born photography service, they can try to check the portfolio of the new born phorographer. It is that vital for people to know that their new born baby gets to grow up so fast and could not stay small, people must hire a new born photographer that has a vast knowledge on taking photos. When people can get to look at the portfolio of the new born photographer, this can easily assist couples to know how the photographer can take photos of their new born baby. It is important for couples to check first the portfolio of the new born photographer, they can choose to look at their online portfolio on the internet in order for them to look up the photos which the photographer has taken.
What You Should Know About Photos This Year
This can help most couples to take a look at the style of the photographer, they know how the photographer would take the picture of their baby and if it is good. Couples needs to compare the various pictures from a number of new born photographers and try to compare the kind of style that they want in the portrait of their own baby. People must also compare the different prices that these new born photography services would ask from their clients, most of these services have different prices for specific pictures of their new born baby.
The 10 Best Resources For Photographers
Couples must try to make sure that the couples can find a new born photographer that can work with their new born babies, photographers must be really patient in taking photographs of their new born babies. Couples can also try to use the internet to look up on various new born photographers in the market, they can easily find the best ones that have positive reviews from couples that have used their service. Couples can also read reviews about the various new born photography services which are on the market, this is to make sure that they can get the right photos of their baby.

Lessons Learned from Years with Photographers

How to Select a Portrait Photographer Here are a few simple tips to pick a good portrait photographer. You can start by going to a portrait photographer’s website and looking at his portfolio or portrait gallery that he has displayed. A portrait photographer who has not displayed any works in his website should not be considered. Carefully examine the portraits in his portfolio. To be able to get an idea of the photographer’s style and consistency, the photographer should have displayed many images. A good portrait photographer will display different poses and types of images which shows his experience and creativity. Check if the images that the photographer look similar to the pictures you take with your camera. Is so, then he is not a true professional. Images that are taken by a true professional with proper lenses and lighting will look dramatically different than what you can do with your camera. The professional portrait will have the subject stand out and the background blurry. There should be plenty of light in the subject’s eye to avoid raccoon eyes created by overhead sun. Photographing a subject’s face in direct full sunlight is a sign that the photographer is not a pro. The charges of the photographer should also be checked. When you are searching for a good portrait photographer, price is not the most important thing. You can pay a small amount but not be truly satisfied with the resulting images. It is also possible to like a photographer’s style but pay dearly for it. Just remember that you get what you pay for in photography. The charges of photographers is based on their experience and equipment level.
Photographers Tips for The Average Joe
Determine the types of photography the photographer does. Portraiture should be the specialization of the photographers that you will hire. Be wary of photographers who do different types of photography.
Questions About Photos You Must Know the Answers To
The style of the photography is the next thing to check after you have made a list of potential portrait photographers. This is the most important part of selecting a portrait photographer. Style in photography is a very personal thing. You might be able to hire the best portrait photographer in the world who might take your family portraits, but if the style is not pleasing to you, then your purpose is still defeated. The style of some photographers is to just make black and white portraits. Some photographers like to blue large portions of the image using tilt-shift lenses. Images are Photoshopped by some portrait photographers. Instead of focusing on the face, some portrait photographers focus instead on a shoe or a ribbon, or anything on the person. Formal portraits with formal backgrounds are the style of some photographers, while others want an outdoor background. These styles can be found being used by different portrait photographers. Find a photographers whose style you will be happy with.

Learning The Secrets About Companies

How to Find Property Management Services

If you want a worthwhile form of investment, property investment is one of the best. You can invest in so many different types of property, from a beautiful home at a coast, to a condominium in a bustling city, or an apartment in an industrial city. If your property, whatever kind it is, will fall into the hands of a careless tenant, it is advisable for you to manage your property properly or else its condition will worsen. It is a wise decision to get a property management services if you do not have the time or effort to manage your property.

These services offer considerable benefits related in managing your property thus taking away your worries related to management. You won’t be tied up to matters related to your property and you are assured that your property will be in its best condition.

Finding the right tenant for your property will be the job of the property manager. They can offer assistance and ideas to get the most out of your investment. The maintenance, payment of taxes and other aspects of your property will be attended to by these managers. Having multiple properties and gaining your money’s worth would be achieved and ensured using the service of a manager.

The services of a manager would be helpful if you do not live near your property. Your property’s condition and tenancy need to be properly managed especially if your property is in another country or state. If you are a busy professional who do not have the time to spend in managing your various properties, the help of management services will be extremely useful. In such a situation, you can give all responsibilities to the manager like issues in employee payroll, checking their activities and so on.

Property managers are qualified people with considerable experience in the field of management. Handling problems with tenants and knowledge about the laws that govern property management, are some of the qualifications of managers. It is advisable to check out only well-established and reputable management services in your city to gain best results in hiring them.

There is a notion that property management service charges high fees and thus lower your gains. The reality is that property management services charge you about no higher than 10% of the rent and this is worthwhile considering they will take care of everything in managing your property.

People management, maintaining professional relationships with your tenants, and repair issues of your property, are just a few overwhelming issues that will not worry you if you have a management service.
Property management is a service that you can get from a company that will help you maintain all the properties that you have either a residential, commercial, and rental properties. The troubles in maintain the property condition of your properties will be absorbed and taken care of by the property management service.

This property management service is very familiar with the things that should be done in maintaining the perfect condition of your property thus saving you a lot of time and money.

Source: updated blog post

Role of Cell phones in our daily life

Mobile phone has made our day to day life very close to our loved ones. Before we only had the facility of landline phones. Now you can reach out to your sweet one at a go. You can ring them and message them where they are. It was impossible almost 2 decades ago. This has been one of the major development technology has made. The expert and technicians are carrying out more and more research. Now a days if you have phone some of the apps and very common and must be found in every other persons phone. There are also best mobile phone case brands are available in the market.